Tanzania’s largest graphite deposits are located in the central and south-east regions of the country. Active graphite projects include Bunyu, Epanko, Nachu, and Lindi Jumbo. The high-grade, high-margin, large flake Lindi Graphite deposits is located in south-eastern Tanzania approximately 200km from the port of Mtwara, thus proving Tanzania highly suitable for graphite mining.


In 2020, Tanzania exported $2.45M in Manganese Ore, making it the 32nd largest exporter of Manganese Ore in the world. At the same year, Manganese Ore was the 99th most exported product in Tanzania. The main destination of Manganese Ore exports from Tanzania are: India, Indonesia and Singapore.Manganese is one of the most important minerals yet to be explored completely in this area.


Iron reserves in Tanzania are located mainly in Liganga, Uluguru Mountains, Mbabala near Lake Tanganyika, Karema, Manyoro Gondite and Itewe. The Liganga iron ore mine holds the biggest iron resources in Tanzania with great proven reserves. Iron ore mining is in full swing in the recent years and is going to develop immensely in the upcoming years.


Tanzania produced roughly 14.2 thousand metric tons of copper in 2019. The output increased from 10 thousand metric tons in the previous year. During the period in study, copper production in the country reached its highest in 2016, at 17.4 thousand metric tons.


Tanzania is the 4th largest gold producer in Africa after South Africa, Ghana and Mali and is the world’s sole producer of the precious stone Tanzanite. Gold production currently stands at roughly 40 tonnes a year, copper at 2980 tonnes, silver at 10 tonnes and diamond at 112,670 carats.


Primarily World nickel demand is to produce stainless steel where about 65% of nickel is consumed. Nickel accounts for 10 to 20% of the input cost in stainless steel production depending on the nickel content. The outlook for nickel depends mainly on the production of stainless steel which is one of the main drivers for nickel production. Batteries and the ongoing Electric Vehicle revolution could prove to be a transformational event as NCA and NCM, one still predominantly used.


The global market for the alkali metal lithium is growing rapidly. Between 2008 and 2018 alone, annual production in the major producing countries rose from 25,400 to 85,000 tons. An important growth driver is its use in the batteries of electric vehicles. However, lithium is also used in the batteries of laptops and cell phones, as well as in the glass and ceramics industry.
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